Elderberry, American 1-0 (Sambucus Canadensis)
Full sun to shade tolerant
Elderberry is a small understory species that grows well in riparian woodlands, but can also grow as individuals in a woodland setting. They grow well on moist, well-drained sites. Elderberry can grow to be 6 to 14 feet tall and wide. Pollination occurs in the early summer by bees and native pollinators. Flowers will be big, beautiful white clusters in the early summer. In late summer to early fall, the plant with be covered with clusters of black berries that are 4 to 6 mm wide. The fruit is eaten by bear, game birds, small mammals and song birds. The stems and foliage are desired by deer.