Elderberry is a small understory species that
grows well in riparian woodlands, but can also
grow as individuals in a woodland setting.
They grow well on moist; well drained sites.
Elderberry can grow to be 6 to 14 feet tall and
wide. Pollination occurs in the early summer
by bees and native pollinators. Flowers will
be big beautiful white clusters in the early
summer. In late summer to early fall the
plant with be covered with clusters of black
berries that are 4 to 6 mm wide. The fruit is
eaten by bear, game birds, small mammals
and song birds. The stems and foliage are
desired by deer.